Posted on | April 15, 2010 | No Comments
Nowadays we have so many hair care and hair loss products that claim to be made for certain hair types that it’s quite easy to get confused. What’s important here is that there are real scientific differences between various ethnic types of hair and it is strongly advisable to use the product that is developed for the certain type. Basically, there are three main racial hair types:
- Asian or Mongoloid;
- African, also known as Afro-Caribbean or Negroid;
- European or Caucasian.
So, what’s different between these hair types and why do we need different approaches, products and treatments for them? Actually, all types of hair are made of the same components (cuticles, cortex, medulla). The difference lies in the way and ratio those components are arranged and structured. Because of this, the needs of one hair type are different from those of the other. Some hair is kinkier what prevent the sebum secreted from the scalp to reach the ends of the hair. Some hair can have up to twice the amount of the out layer (cuticles). What even more important, the structure of our hair can cause it to be more subjected to breaking and dryness and, thus, requires special treatment and care.
Speaking about different hair types, we can take several points for comparison. For example, it can be a number of cuticle layers, their flatness, distance between them, the way how the hair breaks and its cause, color, shape, growth cycle, etc. All these make the range of different types of hair enormous. What makes it even more complicated is that a great many people nowadays are of mixed heritage. Therefore, there may be different hair types even within one head of hair. But still one of the basic three racial types usually prevails and it should be the starting point.
Asian hair is round in shape and typically straight. It has more cuticle layers (up to 10) than the other types. Asian cuticles are also wider, thicker and more densely arranged. The interval between them is narrower than in European hair. When Asian hair is pulled or stretched, the cuticles break off in large pieces, which keep their original shape. Averagely, Asians shed fewer hairs a day than the other types. Moreover, they tend to experience less balding.
African hair is kidney shaped and is generally very curly. Supposedly, you might think that African hair appears tougher than the other types of hair, but in reality it is more fragile than Asian or European hair. The thing is that the actual number of hair shafts if this type is fewer. But each strand of African hair grows in a tiny spring-like shape what make this texture appears denser. Comparing with Asians and Europeans, there is an average percentage of Africans experiencing male pattern hair loss.
European hair is oval in shape and commonly waves easily. It has a straight and soft texture. The hair of this type appears thinner but the actual number of hair shafts (density) is the biggest. There are about 5 cuticle layers and they are flatter. In the majority of Europeans colour and texture appear to be closely linked, as blondes usually have the finest hair, while redheads tend to have the coarsest. As for hair loss, Europeans have the highest occurrence of male pattern baldness.
So it is useful to know what type of hair you have. It is recommended to treat your hair in accordance with its type. Fortunately, today there is a wide range of hair care and hair loss products on the market that are made particularly for the needs of different types of hair.